Pregnancy planning should begin approximately 3 months prior to conception – this time is enough to prepare the body. Here’s what to do:
1. Lead a healthy lifestyle
Future pregnancy — it’s an incentive to sleep, to walk in the fresh air and exercise. Moderate exercise will help the spine, and swimming and yoga will teach you to breathe correctly. And it’s a great reason to abandon bad habits.
2. Take vitamins
Scientists say that folic acid and vitamin D for the expectant mother will be enough. 0.4 mg acid per day will help to protect fetuses from developing anomalies, and 10 mg of vitamin D a day will help the growth of healthy bones. But do not forget that all appointments must give the doctor: uncontrolled intake of vitamins and supplements likely to harm mother and child.
3. Eat right
All that is required is a balanced diet with lots of vegetables and fruits. But there is “for two” doesn’t need to be guided only by their own hunger.
4. Select the clinic and doctor
Find a gynecologist who will guide you during pregnancy. It needs to be credible: explain why prescribes a drug to give you the right to choose and be interested in your health. If you have observed in the profile of the doctor will also discuss with him future pregnancy.
5. Complete the full survey
Your doctor will refer you to other specialists: ENT specialist, ophthalmologist, dentist, neurologist. Don’t forget about dentistry: dental disease indicate the presence of infection and can be transmitted to the child.
6. Read the instructions to the drugs
Some pills are prohibited to pregnant or even during planning. The fetus is especially vulnerable during the first trimester – so you need to tell your doctor about all the medicines you were taking last time. Carefully read the instructions and do not take medications that are marked as “on prescription” if you don’t have one.
7. Do the tests
Need to take common tests: routine blood test to avoid the rhesus-conflict, blood sugar, clotting, blood chemistry, hepatitis b, hepatitis C and syphilis. Also urine test will show inflammation and infection in the body.
Is verified to be dangerous to the fetus diseases: toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus and herpes. They can cause infection of the fetus.
If the test results show that treatment is necessary, it need to take place before pregnancy. It is also important to rule out cancer of the cervix and breast.
8. Check partner
Men should get tested for STDs, ToRCH-infections, to be examined by a physician and urologist. Often men have mild symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases, therefore, male infertility occurs due to undertreated illness.
9. Sign up to genetics
Give genetic tests to rule out the risk of hereditary diseases. It should:
- women after 35 years;
- women who have had frequent miscarriages;
- women who have family there are children with chromosomal abnormalities. They need to be tested for chromosomal defects.
If you are planning a pregnancy, view the plot of the program “Live healthy” about the three most essential test when planning a pregnancy