Summer, sun and bathing: With rising temperatures, it is to lakes and beaches full. In order to hit the hole, parents should always have an eye on their offspring. However, even if the children are long out of the water, should respect the parents of some of the symptoms. Because an under-appreciated risk is the phenomenon of “Secondary drowning”. 2017, in the case of a boy from the United States caused a stir: The four-year-old Frankie was recorded in the shallow water of a wave, and breathed in water. At first, everything seems to be in order, he bathes more. But days later, he dies in his cot. Apparently, he had water breathing, which had led to complications in the lungs. The Doctors speak of “Secondary Drowning”. The most important questions and answers to the case.
Secondary Drowning – what is it?
This is a medical emergency, a swimming accident has gone ahead. Children are considered due to their small body size as being particularly at risk.
To a case of secondary Drowning, it is only when water gets into the lungs – for example, if the child almost drowned or accidentally water has been inhaled. As a result of delayed complications can occur in the lungs, such as inflammation or Edema, impeding the gas exchange. It comes to a lack of oxygen can lead, without treatment, death.
What are the symptoms parents should look out for?
After a swimming accident, parents should observe the child, even if it has for a long time with no symptoms and apparently well recovered. The child begins to cough, is breathing abnormally, has altered or unresponsive should be brought to the child immediately in a pediatric emergency Department. Also blue stained lips, which occur after a swimming accident, should be clarified with the doctor.
What amount of water is risky?
As a General rule: The smaller the child is, the less water is enough to severe symptoms of the complaint. According to the professional Association of child and youth doctors (BVKJ), there are two milliliters of inhaled water per kilogram of body weight as a concern. In the case of a normal weight five-year-old the about 37 milliliters of water would correspond to a quantity that brings about a large shot glass.
The depth of the water plays a role?
No. Even shallow water can be dangerous for children. They also carry the risk of the so-called dry drowning: Fall, children head into the water, closing in a kind of shock reaction, the glottis in the throat, which makes Breathing impossible. The children can suffocate without water in the lungs. For this reaction, already a few inches deep of water often, about the a puddle.
How can I reduce the risk?
Cases of secondary Drowning are “very rare,” – said in a message of the BVKJ. In General, parents should let their child while bathing or in the vicinity of waters will never except the eyes, about the risks in and on the water to clarify and ensure that the child learns early on how to swim. Water wings or swimming tires may give you the feeling of security, but are no substitute for good supervision.