Intervertebral disc inflammation – symptoms, causes and treatment

Diszitis: inflammation of the intervertebral discs

As Diszitis an isolated inflammation of the intervertebral disc is referred to the spine (intervertebral disc inflammation). The disease is extremely rare. In General, the adjacent vertebrae are affected, and one then speaks of a Spondylodiscitis. Since it is usually a serious infection with bacteria, an appropriate antibiotic therapy is often the only treatment option. Not infrequently, irreversible damage to the intervertebral disc are.

Table of contents

Definition

The Diszitis is a rare, isolated intervertebral disc inflammation. Also, the adjacent vertebrae with the affected in the further course of the more common mixed form of Spondylodiscitis. Often Diszitis and Spondylodiscitis are used synonymously.

Symptoms

The complaints depend on the extent of inflammation, and localization. The symptoms may be uncharacteristic, but very often back pain. In the case of a larger extent, this can lead to sensation disturbances, weakness (muscle weakness) and stiffness in the back. Depending on the pain can be described in the back as well as flank pain or sciatic pain and tension, such as neck tension, can develop.

Since the Diszitis basically an inflammation, can also occur fever, chills and General fatigue.

Causes

Usually the inflammation by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus causing, the from another infected Region in the organism immigrates (endogenous infection). The infection can also arise in the context of an intervertebral disc surgery or in open injuries.

Other pathogens (usually bacteria or fungi) are possible, or non-infectious inflammation, for example, due to auto-immune diseases.

Treatment

The Diszitis should be taken from Affected quite seriously. It is necessary that immediate medical treatment is initiated, because the inflammation can spread to neighboring regions, and then life-threatening situations cause.

In most cases, a drug therapy by means of antibiotics against bacterial infection is necessary. Immobilization of the affected vertebrae is equally important part of the therapy. Often the exclusive inflammation of the intervertebral disc can be treated, but the discs stay in many of the Affected damaged.

In the case of other agents, causes, and, in more severe disease weigh gradients, the therapy must be adapted to measures by other drugs are used, or, under certain circumstances, an Operation is performed.

Various applications from the field of Natural medicine and alternative treatment methods can support the healing process and, for example, the General defenses strengths. (tf, cs)