In Germany, the HIV go back infections, new estimates suggest that slightly: A survey of the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) shows that in the year 2018, approximately 2400 people with HIV have been infected. In 2017, there were still about 2,500 new infections.
Therefore have been infected in the past year, especially, there are fewer men who have Sex with men (MSM) and, as the largest risk group for HIV infections are: Of 2200 new infections in the year 2013, the number had shrunk to 1600 new infections in the year 2018 – a decline of about 27 percent.
This development is probably primarily due to the fact that it is in men who have Sex with men, is possible to increase the Test taking and the test offerings expand, the RKI in its Epidemiological Bulletin . In addition, the recommendation to perform work to an immediate start of treatment is positive. A successful therapy leads to the fact, that the transmission of HIV is possible.
“This way, for example, should be further implemented, in particular by a further improvement of the test offers and the guarantee of access to therapy for all people living in Germany with HIV,” said RKI President Lothar Wieler.
Number of people with HIV infection have risen
The number of infections among people who inject drugs, rose at a low level. About 310 people have been infected in the year 2018 on this way with HIV.
About one-third of new infection is diagnosed, the RKI, according to the only when the immune advanced is defective. In the year 2018 estimated 440 people from the consequences of a HIV-died of the infection. The total number of deaths since the beginning of the epidemic in the eighties will appreciate the RKI scientists to 29,200.
The number of people, the infection is living in Germany with HIV, is estimated to have risen by the end of 2018 at 87.900. Of these, about 10,600 cases were not diagnosed yet, says the report. “Who knows of his infection can pass on the Virus unintentionally, in addition in late, the mortality rate diagnoses to be higher,” said Wieler. Affected with late diagnosis often suffer from AIDS symptoms, such as, for example, pneumonia due to fungi.
The proportion of people with an HIV diagnosis, antiretroviral treatment, has increased in the past few years, according to the report, steady and is now at 93 percent. 95 percent of the Treated, the drugs are successful, so that the Affected can no longer spread the disease. Since 2015, the HIV treatment guidelines recommend to treat each diagnosed HIV infection in Germany promptly antiretroviral therapy. The recommendation to use condoms, continues to be a cornerstone of the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
The German AIDS help evaluated the decline in the number of new infections as the success of the prevention and the treatment of HIV. It is important, however, to close further gaps in Prevention, called for Board member Sylvia Urban, among others, with a view to increasing new infections among drug users. Preventable HIV infections could arise also, because there is no dispensing of clean syringes in prison, and because people without residence papers in fact do not have access to HIV therapy.
The RKI estimates the number of new HIV infections each year. Additional data and information, as well as adaptation of the methodology can change the results of the calculations from year to year and each year deliver an updated evaluation of the entire previous course of the epidemic. The estimated new infections are not to be confused with the RKI reported Diagnoses. Since HIV causes over many years, no noticeable discomfort, it may be the time of Infection any longer.