Vaccination is not just for children, whooping cough and rubella. Teenagers, adults and the elderly also need to protect themselves from infections that threaten health and life. Tell what diseases are preventable through immunization, and what about vaccinations for adults, thinking a well-known pediatrician Eugene Komorowski.
Do not remember their history of vaccinations? Need revaccination
Adults who are confident in their immunization history, very lucky, they don’t fade, being next to a child suffering from mumps, measles or rubella, are not afraid of chickenpox and herpes zoster. However, if you are the long lost children’s medical records, the immunologist would certainly advise you to revaktsinirujut from the following infections:
- ADSM vaccine (tetanus and diphtheria) for adults should be done every 10 years of life, and when was the last time you immunized more than 20 years ago, the vaccine is administered twice, with an interval of 40 days. In the presence of an injury with a contaminated wound, the patient can be shown the emergency vaccination of ADSM.
- Born in the USSR remember, that until 1990, vaccination against measles was done only once for lifetime immunity, this is not enough (antibodies enough for 20 years). Adults under 35 are recommended to undergo re-vaccination, because infection of them is severe complications to the kidneys and heart.
- The who has included the vaccine against hepatitis B into national immunization schedules in 2001, because adults 18-35 years, not previously vaccinated, will not prevent to protect yourself from this infection.
Each adolescent vaccination against HPV
Papillomas and warts are not just a cosmetic problem. 16 and 18 strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is an extremely aggressive, and in 70% cases cause cancer of the cervix. Most often, the virus enters the body through sexual intercourse, because the HPV vaccine is recommended for all girls before they become sexually active. However, even if you are a little over 30, and you have already been infected with one type of HPV (the virus includes 5 genera, 43 species and 170 strains) vaccine will protect you from the rest.
Men the HPV vaccination will also be useful: they have the virus in 90% of cases is the cause of genital warts and increases the risk of malignant tumors of the anus.
Vaccination against pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae chronic disease
Pneumococci are the main causative agents of meningitis, sinusitis, otitis, and pneumonia in adults, and Haemophilus influenzae can cause severe damage to the Central nervous system and respiratory system. At risk persons with chronic diseases of the lungs, cardiovascular system, neurological diseases, diabetes, liver cirrhosis, immunodeficiency and Hodgkin’s disease. To prevent these dangerous pathologies alone enough vaccination against pneumococcal infection and a threefold introduction of vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae. Well aware of health professionals in developed countries, because in the United States, Canada, Germany, France, Australia and Velikobritaniia vaccine included in the routine vaccination calendar and vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae is carried out simultaneously with DTP.
Flu vaccine every year
Epidemics of flu happen every year, and because the virus is constantly mutating, a single prophylactic administration of vaccines or acquired immunity is not enough. Vaccination is recommended to be held before the beginning of epidemiological season (October-December). Modern vaccines have proven themselves as the best prophylactic against influenza, and shows anyone who wants to put their health in danger. Elderly people, the employees of medical institutions, trade, catering and educational institutions are at risk, because for them flu shots mandatory.
RabiesOtitisSinusitisWarts Skin papillomaMeningitisEncephalitisHepatitis The human papillomavirus (HPV)TetanusDiphtheriaPig Whooping cough and paracoccusRubellaMeasles
Vaccinations for expectant mothers: the advice of the doctor Komarovsky
When planning pregnancy, women often wonder about the necessity of vaccination: what infectious diseases will prevent to carry and give birth to a healthy baby? How to protect yourself and your baby from the omnipresent viruses? The question we asked Yevgeny Komarovsky, and that’s what we advised a well-known pediatrician:
If you are planning a pregnancy, but do not have full information about their children’s vaccinations, I would definitely recommend vaccination against measles, rubella, mumps, whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus. Current practice of vaccination against whooping cough at 6 months pregnant (a pregnant woman’s Body produces a strong level of antibodies that are passed to the baby via the placenta. approx. ed.) should definitely consider the topic of hepatitis b, because the most dangerous for a newborn this is whooping cough and hepatitis B. But pregnant women should be most wary of measles and rubella.
After the birth, mom, dad, grandma, grandpa, nanny and all who enter into the house must be vaccinated against the flu, but children under 6 months to vaccinate against influenza is not: for the protection of mothers vaccinated during pregnancy.
If you are planning a pregnancy, but do not have full information about their children’s vaccinations, I would definitely recommend vaccination against measles, rubella, mumps, whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus. Eugene Komorowski
Mandatory vaccination of the traveler
Experienced travelers are well aware that different States have their own requirements for vaccinations and going to another country, it is helpful to look at her vaccination calendar
- Fans to get into the woods, it is recommended to get vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis: the efficacy of this prophylaxis was 95%. Osobowosci should be those who are sent to the far East: the mortality rate of encephalitis after being bitten by infected mites that live in the region of 20%. For comparison, SmartDoctor European entsefalita превышает0,5-2%.
- Going to developing countries with a high incidence of hepatitis a, it is recommended to receive prophylactic vaccination 30 days prior to travel. The hepatitis A vaccine will provide the body long-term protection (10 years), will protect the liver from acute infection, and tourists from unpleasant symptoms and forty weeks of the forced diet.
- Emergency rabies vaccination receive all of the infected or potentially infected patients. But going to India, Thailand, Vietnam, China or South America, also should be vaccinated: in these regions, rabies is endemic, and the chance to meet a sick animal is significantly higher than in our country.
- Before entering some countries in Africa and South America travelers to make mandatory vaccination against yellow fever virus infection, the carrier of which are mosquitoes. To acquire lifelong immunity against the disease, a single administration of the vaccine.
- Japanese encephalitis , another dangerous disease transmitted by mosquitoes. The virus is spread in the countries of Oceania, South-East and South Asia, and in Japan and China, vaccination against Japanese encephalitis is included in the national vaccination calendar.
Vomiting Diarrhea (diarrhea) Headache Rash (skin rash)WartsCough Heat (fever, hyperthermia, fever)