A long-distance journey is, is the prophylactic visit to the doctor for many travelers, of course. However, in European countries you should not travel completely clueless. Some travel diseases, which are only assumed to be in the distance, also occur in Europe. Proper hygiene of the body, mindfulness of food choice and protection against mosquitoes and ticks is important.
But what is motion sickness anyway? Including all the complaints, with which a traveller is in his home, rather, nothing, fall, Christian schönfeld, doctor for travel – and tropical medicine at the Charité hospital in Berlin. Particularly, the standards of hygiene and the climate of the destination will affect the possible diseases.
Thorough hands good protection is to wash
Diarrheal diseases are, for example, also in Germany. “From North to South in Europe there are a hygiene gap,” says Schönfeld. Therefore, infectious diseases in southern Europe more likely.
To avoid diseases, is to wash the most Important is the regular and thorough hands with soap and water. “Soap removes the Dirt, fats, as well as the underlying germs and pathogens,” says Schönfeld. The top layer of dirt is removed from the skin, it can also be a disinfectant used.
Nice box recommends, always a bit of soap to have to be able to wounds clean. Who washes, for example, a dog bite for 10 to 15 minutes with soap, get rid of a lot of germs, says Schönfeld. As a result, the risk of an inflammation of the declining drastically.
Tap water boil
Many vacationers catch diseases in the holidays, if you drink as usual water from the tap. “In our multi-stage treatment is the rule. Elsewhere, it may happen that the water is directly pumped from the ground,” warns beautiful box. An Overview of the countries in which you drink water can and where better not, can be found here. In case of doubt, field advises nice, the water to boil or buy drinking water in bottles.
Also foods that are watered with groundwater, can be contaminated with bacteria and viruses. For consumers is difficult to recognize. To be sure, vacationers can fruit boil, peel, and vegetables. That will kill most pathogens.
Of Hepatitis A think
It is important that all holidaymakers to protect according to the Impfkalenders of the Robert Koch Institute with the standard vaccinations. The standing Committee on vaccination at the Robert Koch-Institute recommends the annual Summary, for example, top-UPS and regular vaccinations against flu for older people.
“South of the Alps and East of the Or you should think about Hepatitis A and to vaccinate them,” says Schönfeld. Against Typhus, the expert does not recommend vaccination as it offers only 60% protection and it arrived in Europe in the last few years, only a few typhoid-diseases. Against typhoid Hygiene was the best protection.
Protection against mosquitoes
The ideal protection it is also the issue of mosquitoes and ticks. “Worldwide, there are about 3500, in this country, probably 50 mosquito species,” the mosquito Atlas from the Leibniz-centre for agricultural landscape research and the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut. However, favor climate change and globalization, the introduction of non-native species.
To mosquito bites prevent, help mosquitoes long clothes and mosquito nets against nachaktive. Basically, you should protect yourself day and night, both day and night active mosquitoes can transmit diseases. Certain repellents for Application to the skin, for example, ensure that the animals perceive the smell of the people.
Risk areas in the direction of the North
“Each tick species has agents of their own Repertoire of disease,” says Ute Mackenstedt, Parasitology login at the University of Hohenheim. The common wood tick about transfers, especially Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). There is the tick species anywhere in Germany, wherein the human TBE cases occur up to 90 percent in Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria.
However, the TBE risk areas in the direction of the North. Only this year the administrative district of Emsland by the Robert Koch has been reported as a risk area. In these areas, special caution is needed. Against TBE can vaccinate travellers, a causative therapy there is. Against Lyme disease again, although there is no vaccine, but antibiotics can fight the bacteria.
New the tick Hyalomma is. “It is not located in Germany and is regularly brought in with migratory birds,” said Mackenstedt. Recently, one of the animals infected, apparently for the first time, a people in Germany, with tick-borne spotted fever. Researchers are currently examining whether the ticks settle in Germany permanently, and may overwinter.
In order to support the researchers in their work, can send consumers Hyalomma ticks to the University of Hohenheim. The Hyalomma tick is about five times larger than the common wood tick, has striped legs and is much more agile than our local ticks.